Online Analytical Processing (OLAP) is a technology that is used to organize large business databases and support business intelligence. More simply, in Excel you can convert your EBM cube to OLAP formulas in order to format tables in a way that's more customized than a standard pivot table and create a reference input for other sheets in your report.
This article contains the following topics:
 Why use OLAP formulas
 How to convert a cube to OLAP formulas
 Types of formulas
 What is Cubemember
 What is Cubevalue
 Usecase example
What are the advantages of OLAP formulas?
 The most common reason to use OLAP formulas in your reporting is to create a more finished, refined, or custom report than one could achieve with pivot tables alone. You would only use OLAP for reports that won't change in their general structure.
 For example, you wouldn't use this when reporting on something like Customers, because Customers will regularly change over time. Rather, you'd probably only use this for standard P&L and Balance Sheet reporting.
 The main benefit of using OLAP formulas is in overcoming the inherent challenges presented in pivot table formatting limitations. Because pivot tables have restrictions on how columns and rows are formatted and arranged, OLAP can become a useful tool when you want to break free from the traditional view.
How to convert to OLAP?
Converting a pivot table cube to OLAP formulas is easy, but you'll first want to build out your view in the pivot table so that your formulas make sense once converted. A good example of this is creating a balance sheet or an income statement and arranging your fields and filters in a way that generally makes sense.
Here's a simple example:
Once you've built out your basic report in a pivot table, you're now ready to convert it to OLAP formulas.

Create a copy of your pivot table, either in the same sheet or in a new sheet. As an option, you can make a copy of the PivotTable worksheet by pressing the Ctrl key while dragging the PivotTable's worksheet tab to create a copy of the PivotTable. This allows you to both retain your original PivotTable and create a formulabased version of that report from the PivotTable copy, as shown below.
 Click anywhere in the pivot table.

Convert to OLAP formulas by toggling to PivotTable Analyze > OLAP Tools > Convert to Formulas.
Hot Tip: You can use the keyboard shortcut to quickly convert to OLAP formulas: ALT + JTOC
 Check the box to Convert Report Filters. Click Convert.
 Done! You now have formulas for each field of your pivot table. Now that you have formulas associated with each field or filter (e.g. 2020 Actuals, Cases, Gross Sales, etc.) you can then reference these elsewhere. You can now also reformat your table to customize it in any way that helps you consume the data easier.
Here's what that same example looks like after being converted to OLAP formulas:
OLAP formulas
Once you convert your pivot table to formulas you'll notice there are two primary formula types present. Cubemember formulas and Cubevalue formulas.
Cubemember formulas
When you see "CUBEMEMBER" in a formula, it means it is referencing either a Filter, Row, or Column field from the pivot table. Some examples, might be Scenario, Account Level, Company, Month, etc.
Cubevalue formulas
When you see "CUBEVALUE" in a formula, it means it is referencing a value field, such as Activity, Ending Balances, or Calculations. Think of these formulas as the actual numerical values for their respective cubemembers.
Callout: Handling N/A Errors in OLAP Formulas
If you see an N/A being produced by an OLAP formula, the typical solution is to refresh all cubes via the EBM Office Bridge Ribbon. This is often the first and most effective step in resolving the issue. If refreshing all cubes does not resolve the issue, we have additional diagnostic steps to help identify and fix the problem. Please contact support and attach the file for further assistance.
How do I put this into practice?
A common usecase for using OLAP formulas is in creating a reference or inputs tab in your workbook, which you can then reference in other sheets.
Example:
Building out an inputs tab (above) gives you the freedom to utilize all the formatting and formulaic tools that Excel offers, so you can create really dynamic reports that still refresh to the EBM data lake.
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